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Architect

Every doorway, wall, and window in every building is where it is because someone decided to put it there. Someone also decided what building materials would be used, what traffic patterns people would follow, and even how they would feel when entering or leaving the building.Architect Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.


Architect

Every doorway, wall, and window in every building is where it is because someone decided to put it there. Someone also decided what building materials would be used, what traffic patterns people would follow, and even how they would feel when entering or leaving the building.Architect Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.

Daily/Routine Tasks

Architects typically do the following:

1. Meet with clients to determine objectives and requirements for structures

2. Estimate the amount of required materials, equipment, and construction time

3. Prepare structure specifications

4. Direct workers who prepare drawings and documents

5. Prepare scaled drawings with computer software and by hand

6. Prepare contract documents for building contractors

7. Manage construction contracts

8. Visit worksites to ensure that construction adheres to architectural plans

9. Seek new work by marketing and giving presentations

People need places to live, work, play, learn, shop, and eat. Architects are responsible for designing these places. They work on public or private projects and design both indoor and outdoor spaces. Architects can be commissioned to design anything from a single room to an entire complex of buildings.

Architects discuss the objectives, requirements, and budget of a project with clients. In some cases, architects provide various predesign services, such as feasibility and environmental impact studies, site selection, cost analyses, and design requirements.

After discussing and agreeing on the initial proposal with clients, architects develop final construction plans that show the building's appearance and details for its construction. Accompanying these plans are drawings of the structural system; air-conditioning, heating, and ventilating systems; electrical systems; communications systems; plumbing; and, possibly, site and landscape plans. In developing designs, architects must follow state and local building codes, zoning laws, fire regulations, and other ordinances, such as those requiring easy building access for people who are disabled.

Computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) and building information modeling (BIM) have replaced traditional drafting paper and pencil as the most common methods for creating designs and construction drawings. However, hand-drawing skills are still used, especially during the conceptual stages of a project.

As construction proceeds, architects may visit building sites to ensure that contractors follow the design, keep to the schedule, use the specified materials, and meet work-quality standards. The job is not complete until all construction is finished, required tests are conducted, and construction costs are paid.

Architects also may help clients get construction bids, select contractors, and negotiate construction contracts.

Architects often collaborate with workers in related occupations, such as civil engineers, urban and regional planners, interior designers, and landscape architects.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Architects must understand the content of designs and the context in which they were created. For example, architects must understand the locations of mechanical systems and how those systems affect building operations.

Communication skills. Architects share their ideas, both in oral presentations and in writing, with clients, other architects, and workers who help prepare drawings. Many also give presentations to explain their designs.

Creativity. Architects design the overall look of houses, buildings, and other structures. Therefore, the final product should be attractive and functional.

Organizational skills. Architects often manage contracts. Therefore, they must keep records related to the details of a project, including total cost, materials used, and progress.

Technical skills. Architects use computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) technology to create plans as part of integrated building information modeling (BIM).

Visualization skills. Architects must be able to see how the parts of a structure relate to each other. They also must be able to visualize how the overall building will look once completed.

 

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